View from the Delhi College Outdoor Education Center
Delhi is the county seat and is in the center of Delaware County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 64.6 square miles and a 2010 population of 5,117 people. The West Branch Delaware River flows through the center of the town. The Little Delaware River enters the West Branch from the east, just south of Delhi village. The town includes the hamlets of Fraser, East Delhi, and West Delhi, as well as the village of Delhi. The town is the setting for the classic 1959 novel My Side of the Mountain by Jean Craighead George.
Judge Foote, who was in the Legislature of 1796-97 from Ulster county, was instrumental in the formation of Delaware county, and was much interested, with many others, in the location of its county seat. The judge was appointed, from his earnest support of the formation of the new country, to give a name to the town so soon to be brought forth, and the clique with which he boarded and was intimate requested him to allow them to suggest a name; he consented. His nick-name was "The Great Mogul," and they, knowing he was to reside here, suggested the name of Delhi, that being the city of the Mogul, and he, agreeable to his promise, so named it. This is the proper account, and will explain why so singular a name appears among the many that followed naturally. A former history of this county gives a ludicrous scene that occurred among other warm friends of the new county, who wished the name to be "Mapleton." General Erastus Root, who was an impulsive gentleman, and leader of those who insisted upon the latter name, when told that the name would be Delhi, said: "Del-hi-hel-high! Better call if Foote-high!" The name was thus given, and the town formed took high rank among sister towns in the general work of the new county. (from Munsell’s History of Delaware County, 1880)