Bovina was formed in 1820 and included some of the highest uplands in the county. The town became noted for the quality of its dairy products, especially butter, in the late 19th century. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Bovina has a total area of 44.5 square miles and a population of 664 people, making it the smallest and most sparsely populated town in Delaware County.
The name, Bovina, comes from the Latin word bovinus, meaning cattle. It was suggested by General Erastus Root because it was a pioneer town in the dairy industry.
Early settlers came here, mainly, to carry on agriculture. They turned their attention to sheep raising and later to dairy farming. Bovina farmers earned a reputation for breeding very fine strains of cattle. Their cows were shipped to various distant points. Once, Bovina butter was said to be the best in the United States, and was even served on the table in the Presidential mansion in Washington.